## The human face is based on Phi and Golden Ratio proportions.

The human face abounds with examples of the Golden Ratio, also known as the Golden Section or Divine Proportion. We’ll use a succession of golden ratios to create a golden ruler to understand design in the face:

The head forms a golden rectangle with the eyes at its midpoint. The mouth and nose are each placed at golden sections of the distance between the eyes and the bottom of the chin. The beauty unfolds as you look further.

Even when viewed from the side, the human head illustrates the Divine Proportion.The first golden section (blue) from the front of the head defines the position of the ear opening. The successive golden sections define the neck (yellow), the back of the eye (green) and the front of the eye and back of the nose and mouth (magenta). The dimensions of the face from top to bottom also exhibit the Divine Proportion, in the positions of the eye brow (blue), nose (yellow) and mouth (green and magenta).

## Human beauty is based on the Divine Proportion

See the photo below which illustrates the following golden ratio proportions in the human face:

- Center of pupil : Bottom of teeth : Bottom of chin
- Outer & inner edge of eye: Center of nose
- Outer edges of lips : Upper ridges of lips
- Width of center tooth : Width of second tooth
- Width of eye : Width of iris

- The blue line defines a perfect square of the pupils and outside corners of the mouth.
- The golden section of these four blue lines defines the nose, the tip of the nose, the inside of the nostrils, the two rises of the upper lip and the inner points of the ear.
- The blue line also defines the distance from the upper lip to the bottom of the chin.
- The yellow line, a golden section of the blue line, defines the width of the nose, the distance between the eyes and eye brows and the distance from the pupils to the tip of the nose.
- The green line, a golden section of the yellow line defines the width of the eye, the distance at the pupil from the eye lash to the eye brow and the distance between the nostrils.
- The magenta line, a golden section of the green line, defines the distance from the upper lip to the bottom of the nose and several dimensions of the eye.

## The golden ratio face calculator grid:

You get an actual measure of golden ratio proportion and beauty using the golden ratio face calculator that is included in PhiMatrix golden ratio design software:

PhiMatrix provides transparent grids that can be applied to any image in any other software. In the golden ratio face grid shown above, it uses phi, or golden ratio proportions to identify the key dimensions of the human face. It has a free two week trial and is available for Windows and Mac.

Note that the PhiMatrix golden ratio circles grid can be used to identify golden ratio proportions in the human eye:

## Even the dimensions of our teeth are based on phi

The front two incisor teeth form a golden rectangle, with a phi ratio in the heighth to the width.The ratio of the width of the first tooth to the second tooth from the center is also phi.The ratio of the width of the smile to the third tooth from the center is phi as well.Visit the site of Dr. Eddy Levin for more on the Golden Section and Dentistry.

Ashish says

That’s great, do you have a software

Gary Meisner says

Yes. PhiMatrix is the golden ratio software shown on this page. See http://www.phimatrix.com/face.htm in particular for the golden ratio facial masks.

Rafi Matchen says

Why does this happen? is there a scientific reason?

Gary Meisner says

That’s subject to debate. A naturalistic viewpoint would say that it’s simply the most efficient way for growth to occur. A theistic viewpoint would say that it’s the result of God’s design for beauty and harmony throughout creation. It does seem though that the golden ratio appears in some aspects of the human form where there is no purpose other than for its beauty, and our perception of it.

Robert Pagacik says

Would like to know, if there is even an psychological/psychosocial and brain-activity corellation … would be quite interesting to hawe an entire city and its life day-circle based on this an its effects on the human population.

Robin says

I think that is an extremely interesting idea. However, I have an additional idea:

If the golden ratio manifesting itself in virtually every physcial aspect of our bodies is the result of God’s design, then we can also look at God’s temporal ratio for our new city to run on as well. As mentioned by Dr. Roger Barrier (site linked below), God has woven a 6:1 ratio into our schedule–6 days of work, one day of rest. So if we work best if we go through time 6 days on, 1 day off, what if everything was scheduled that way? 60 minutes of work, 10 minutes off, 6 times per work day (with the seventh block of 60 minutes being off and the end of the work day). Do that six days per week, with the seventh day off, and every seventh week being a vacation period. It’s a bit less work (as far as time spent per week and year) than we do now, but it might just make productivity explode, since it is the natural rhythm of our lives. Combine that with every structure being based on the golden ratio, and you might have the most beautiful city imaginable inhabited by the most productive and happy people possible.

Dr. Barrier’s article:

http://www.crosswalk.com/church/pastors-or-leadership/ask-roger/is-it-biblical-to-observe-the-sabbath-on-sunday.html

maria says

What is the importance of the golden number in our eyes? Does this help us in any way?

mansi gandhi says

it is a Wow website

i am in 8th standard and i understood it very easily

seriously it has been very helpful to me

Muhammad Akram says

this shows that we are bound to universe’s calculation. what we see is what our brain shows us. we can’t escape this truth

Kevin says

Is there anything in the design or mechanics of the brain that might follow this golden rule? I am very much interested in all aspects of this.

Gary Meisner says

Here’s an article on the golden mean as clock cycle of brain waves The abstract says the principle of information coding by the brain seems to be based on the golden ratio. Psychologists have claimed memory span to be the missing link between psychometric intelligence and cognition. By applying Bose–Einstein-statistics to learning experiments, a fit was foundn by Pascual-Leone correlating predicted and tested span. Multiplying span by mental speed (bits processed per unit time) and using the entropy formula for bosons, we obtain the same result. If we apply span as the quantum number n of a harmonic oscillator, we obtain this result from the EEG. The metric of brain waves can always be understood as a superposition of n harmonics times 2Φ, where half of the fundamental is the golden mean Φ (=1.618) as the point of resonance. Such wave packets scaled in powers of the golden mean have to be understood as numbers with directions, where bifurcations occur at the edge of chaos, i.e. 2Φ=3+φ3.

——————————————————————————–

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960077903000262

Lloyd says

Too me it replicates our progression through life.. As our Experiences build, our conclusions of those experiences will also build. One experience plus another experience will bring us to a conclusion/understanding (2) and life goes on.

Destiny perhaps?

angelo magdaong says

a perfect phi, if i’ll just study the golden ratio of the face, i can draw a face mathematically!!!

antoinette says

We are an awe some creation

Robin says

Indeed we are. We so clearly represent the hand of the Creator.

Kim says

The only one in the world who is exactly proportional is Florence Colgate in the UK.

Gary Meisner says

Actually, Florence has a video on her Florence Colgate Facebook page that shows her face to be not all that symmetrical. Neither the mirrored left halves and mirrored right halves look that much like her face. Her face does, however, have numerous golden ratios as shown at the Beauty and the Golden Ratio featuring Florence Colgate page.

brocco says

I HATE MATH *she says as she hits her head repeatedly on the wall*

ale says

I’m with ya!

John says

Story of my life

vera says

Interesante tema, que pintor usó este sistema para pintar?

Gracias por compartirlo

Gary Meisner says

Re: Thanks for sharing. Interesting topic, this system used a painter to paint? Yes, it the lines were created with PhiMatrix golden ratio design software at http://www.phimatrix.com.

Stefan Miller says

what i dont understand is the images of the front portrait and the apparent sizes of teeth – these images are taken face on, the teeth are in a curve and should be measured as such, individually not as a 2d face image – i just get the feeling that some images are made to fit the “golden rule”.

Gary Meisner says

The measurement from the front though is the view that is actually seen when viewed by another person. The golden ratios from that perspective are the basis for the studies of Dr. Eddy Levin in asthetics in cosmetic dentistry which are taught at numerous dental schools. Not everyone’s teeth conform to the golden ratio in this way, but teeth that do are in harmony with the idealized dimensions of overall facial proportions that are perceived by most people as more beautiful.

Robin says

Yes, the teeth are in a curve, but you cannot see all the way around someone all at once. If you look at them straight-on, you see only portions of some teeth as they recede behind the front incisors and each other, consecutively. Some people might alter images and camera angles in order to fit elements to the golden ratio, but Mr. Meisner’s articles, insofar as I have read them, seem to be trustworthy representations of actual cases.

deepak dubey says

how can use this software…phimatrix??

Gary Meisner says

See http://www.phimatrix.com for details and a free trial of the full version.

Pat says

What is the distance between the inner edges of the ears? And what is the golden ratio?

Gary Meisner says

That distance is simply based on a line from the point on each side of the face at which the ears meet the face. The golden ratio of that line, or any line, is its length divided by 1.618.

Mark says

the picture of the girl with the freckle next to her nose seems to have a different ratio on her eyes than the woman with the towel on her head. The girl with the freckle has eyelid exposure equal to 0.618 x her eyeball exposure. The woman with the towel on her head on the other hand has the distance between her eye and eyebrow 0.618 x her eyeball exposure. Also how do the circles on the picture of the blue eye relate to the golden ratio?

Gary B Meisner says

The photos are showing two different aspects of the golden ratio. The freckle woman is showing the eyelid vs visible eye. The towel woman is showing the visible eye vs. eyebrow, and the resolution of that photo was not sharp enough to compare the eyelid vs. visible eye. When the golden ratio appears, its properties make for golden ratios within golden ratios.

Mark says

How do the circles on the blue eye relate to the golden ratio?

Gary B Meisner says

Each circle has a diameter that is based on the golden ratio of the larger circle around it. The concentric circles define the width of the iris. The circles that are adjacent to the outer circle define the shape of visible part the eye.