Is there meaning hidden in Phi, the symbol for the Golden Number?

The use of the Greek letter Phi Phi to represent the golden number 1.618 … is generally said to acknowledge Phidias, a 5th century B.C. sculptor and mathematician of ancient Greece, who studied phi and created sculptures for the Parthenon and Olympus.

The message from scripture of all the major monotheistic religions is that God is One, Who created the universe from nothing, splitting nothingness into offsetting forces and elements.  Today we understand the universe to consist of positive and negative atomic and subatomic particles and charges, matter and anti-matter, all coming from a singularity in what we term the “Big Bang.”

Curiously, the mathematical constant of 1.618 … that is found throughout creation is represented by the symbol Phi, which is the symbol 0 for nothing split in two by the symbol 1 for unity and one.  Could this be the true meaning behind the symbol Phi?  (Oddly enough, to type Phi on your computer, you hold the Alt key and enter 1000 on the number pad, an interesting “alt”ernate look at 1 with a trinity of 0’s!)

NothingUnity / GodNothing
split by
is Phi,
the constant
of creation

Note:  This original insight by the site author was added on 3/15/2003.

Adding Unity to nothingness produces the Fibonacci series, which converges on Phi

Now ADD God to the void, or Unity to Nothing.  In other words, add 0 plus 1 to get 1, and then follow this pattern to the Infinite.  This is the Fibonacci series.  The ratio of each number in the series to the one before it converges on Phi as you move towards infinity, !

Number in the seriesOll235813
Ratio of each number in the series to the previous number in the seriesl2l.5l.66…l.600l.625Φ

The Golden Proportion is analogous to God’s relationship to creation

The Golden Section, or Phi, found throughout nature, also applies in understanding the relationship of God to Creation.  In the golden section, we see that there is only one way to divide a line so that its parts are in proportion to, or in the image of, the whole:

The ratio of the larger section (B) to the whole line (A) is the same as the ratio as the smaller section (C) to the large section (B):

Sectioning a line to form the Golden Section, based on phi, the golden ratio

Only “tri-viding” the whole preserves the relationship to the whole

And so it is with our understanding of God, that we are created in His image.  Not by dividing the whole, but only by tri-viding the whole does each piece retain its unique relationship to the whole.  Only here do we see three that are two that are one.

Jesus, the Son of God and the Son of Man The Book of John begins with these words that capture the essence of this:

In the beginning was the Word,
and the Word was with God,
and the Word was God.

Jesus, in John 14:9, expressed a similar thought:

Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father.

Here the human Jesus (the Son of Man) is to the divine Jesus (the Son of God) as the divine Jesus (the Son of God) is to God (the Father or whole).

Insight on the relationship of Christ to God as analogous to the golden section contributed by Steve McIntosh.

Phi as an insight to deeper spiritual connection and oneness

Phi can be calculated in an iterative process, such as those shown in the equations below:

Φ = 1 + (1/Xn), e.g.,


Phi, 1.618, the golden ratio, expressed as a limit


Miika Kuisma observed that the act of “part of the whole adding the whole onto itself” can be thought of as a “mathematical way of describing conscious recognition of being part of the whole.” In application, this would suggest that “when someone sees himself/herself as part of the world without personal attachment to it, and stays firmly in that perspective, then he/she will also become into a harmonic relationship with the world. One cannot help but to become in Phi relationship with the nature. This could suggest even a healing process.”

The Golden Section as a universal constant of design

The teachings of most religions express the thought that part of God is within each of us and that we are created in His image.  The pervasive appearance of phi throughout life and the universe is believed by some to be the signature of God, a universal constant of design used to assure the beauty and unity of His creation.

(More thoughts on the evidence of Divine creation)


  1. D says

    This is speculation and superstition not observation. I grew up in a Baptist church where there was a numerological answers to all kinds of ridiculous relationships. Applying religion to math or vise versa is mystification.

    • says

      Poor personal experiences in church or ill-advised actions of its individual members are hardly grounds to discard the entire spiritual dimension of human existence and separate it from an open, honest discussion of life using all the tools available to us. Observation is simply an act or instance of noticing or perceiving, and speculation the contemplation or consideration of some subject. Mathematics is the foundation of everything in the universe, including life, so how can one engage in a meaningful discussion on this topic without observation and speculation of its manifestations and impacts? Einstein noted, “Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind” and “the most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and all science.” We’ll advance much more quickly and completely in our individual and collective understandings if we do it with open minds rather than putting disparaging labels on the things we don’t understand, don’t agree with or haven’t experienced personally.

    • Josh says

      God created math. There is no barrier of God’s creation from His image. I too am a Baptist and am not deterred by math’s intimidating nature. But God holds it in his hand. I put my life on the fact that God created math partly for function and utility but also to reveal to us His image. 1 to 10 and 9 to 10 are both equally far from 10, infinity. This shows 10 as God’s standard of perfection and 1 and 9 as our works. As long as we are not 10 (and we can’t be), we are equally distant from God whether we have 9.99999999999 as our good works or 1. When we realize our works are nothing and Jesus is the only way to fill the void from 1 to 10 or 9 to 10 to be closer to God. This is my humble revelation.

    • bryan says

      on the contrary, a lack of order and mathematics is what mystification really is. The pentecostals base their entire belief structure in the fact that God intervenes in a way that is not consistent with Nature. i.e. healing, etc. I would think as a Baptist, you would embrace the mathematics as the Baptist religion is based on a rigid set of rules for salvation, life, and who God is.

  2. Tabod says

    I found the article interesting as I seem to have stumbled over Phi, the golden ratio and has been marveled at its presence in life and the universe. I wish to know how it came about and how it may be derived and used Mathematically besides the fact that Geometrical applications. Thanks.

  3. Summer says

    wow i love the way you put that, im gonna take note of that, i never really thought about it that way but it makes perfect sense!

    also to the person who wrote this article, i love it. this is really amazing, i learned about phi a while back but never really looked into it, but now i think i will. God is amazing! i dont know why a lot of people who are religious try to stay away from science as if the two were opposites. actually the more i learn about creation, the more amazed i am by God. great article i enjoyed it, im definitely checking out the rest of the site.

  4. Gayatri says

    The bit about trividing should be put in the Bible page. Please include other religions as well, not just Christianity, non Christians may feel left out (no offense meant). Try The Qoran and Hindu mythology, the Phi in them is fascinating.

    • Richard Cronin says

      Gayatri – It is curious to me that some Christians, not all, are very adamant that we must accept Jesus as our Lord. However, by all his words and actions Jesus never expressed such a desire. He only acted and preached that we should all be Servants — to one another. And what line of work is more noble — to be Lord of the Manor, or to be the Servant ?

      • says

        That representation of what Jesus said is not complete or accurate. Consider John 11:25-26, in which Jesus says, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies; and whoever lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?” In Matthew 16:15-17, Jesus says, “But what about you?” he asked. “Who do you say I am?” Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” Jesus replied, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my Father in heaven. In John 20:27-29 Jesus says to Thomas, “Stop doubting and believe. Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!” Then Jesus told him, “Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.” We can choose to believe or not believe. What we cannot do is reduce the statements of Jesus to nothing more than simple guides for how we should treat one another.

        • Evan says

          Or more directly put by Jesus, and in direct opposition to the premise expressed by Richard John 14:6 states “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the father except through me.”

  5. Saint Veronica says

    A young beloved friend recently died. Matt was only 23. He was sick a few months ago with somekind of sepsis poisoning – in icu for 3 weeks. He got better and came to stay with us on the beach as much as he could. Then he suddenly died – his parents found him lifeless about a month ago the same morning he was about to head back to our beach house. When he was here he shared that he did die in ice and saw it. We talked about the golden ratio and he said we were right on. It is not what we think it is – the next place and the golden ratio is key. just sharing.

  6. Arturo Castillo says

    “Science without religion is mere superstition.

    Religion without science is pure materialism.”

    • Richard Cronin says

      Arturo Castillo – Not too far from one of Einstein’s quotes: “Science without religion is lame. Religion without science is blind.”

      Ergo, Superstition is lame and Materialism is pure blindness.

  7. George says

    To Josh and others…i.e. God Created Math! How do you know? One’s belief is not factual proof of God’s existence, nor do the numbers of any mathematical system prove that some Super Deity is out there watching human kind is every move. Einstein was no authority either on spirituality, in spite of his incredible creative mind. Using his name to prove a biased opinion is a classic fallacy in logic! Every Christian, is waiting for Jesus to return and cure the ills of the world…it is not his responsibility; it’s YOURS, mine and everyone else on this planet, and not some imagined deity. So wake up! Take your head out of the clouds and do something for the benefit of others, instead of preaching…walk the talk!

    • says

      Good points. Belief is not a factual proof, but then neither is disbelief. Describing God as “some imagined deity” is also a personal belief system, unsupported by proof and possibly completely wrong.

  8. morry says

    Phi is a perfect relationship, as, 1.618033989 is to
    1, as, 1 is to .618033989, but,
    the COSMOS (NOT Universe) is based on the
    square root of Phi, and the square root of 2, as
    well. One would do well to study(NOT just read)
    Divine mathematics as well as the Bible(s), as,
    the design of the COSMOS is by GOD, and,
    of perfect, irrational numbers.
    And, by the way, stop the petty infantile bickering. Neither of us created the COSMOS or anything in it, so lose the self-righteous attitudes,
    please. Thank you.

  9. says

    I’m a big phan and a recently retired polyhistoric high school educator. I also recently celebrated my 21, 618th rotation by announcing that after years of dogged attempts to disprove Pacioli’s Postulate [‘like God, the Divine Proportion is always similar to itself’]. I discovered instead such things as: Matthew 16:18 is not only the crucial passage establishing the authority of the Catholic Church, ‘The Keys to the Kingdom’, but that it comes precisely at the Phi point in the Bible. The most conclusive evidence of proportional divinity however, was the revelation that the 618th day of the 21st Century was 9/11/01. My websites are also devoted to Phi, but entail mainly graphic organizers of one form or another.

    • says

      Peter, I have to rebuke your post in this manner: Even if we are to accept your statement that Matthew 16:18 comes at the “phi point in the Bible” (which is extremely unlikely), you are merely claiming that Matthew 16:18 establishes the authority of the Catholic Church. Most Protestants and Baptist utterly reject such as claim as being baseless and without merit. We do not accept the “authority” of the “Catholic Church”, period. We do not accept the authority of this pope or any other pope, period.

      Martin Luther and all of the Reformers were right in their evaluation of the popes of their day, and it stands today. Phi has absolutely no standing in establishing any claim of Catholicism, and neither does the Bible. The claims of the popes are based upon themselves, not upon Scripture. It is called “dogma” for that reason.

  10. Vincent Tan says

    Man… Created… God… So… As… To… Make… Up… For… His… Imperfection… In… Explaining… The… Nature… Of… Universe… God, Son, And Holy Spirit… Is Partially… In Each… Human Being… Man’s Creativity… Man’s Dream… Computer… Being… His Creation… For InMortality… For Intelligence… At Its… Very Best… ABC… XYZ… 0123… 789… Language… Mathematics… Man’s Creation…

    • says

      A logical response: Mankind creates “artificial intelligence” and “virtual realities.” Would you also argue that these appeared without thought, design and an act of creation? If not, what basis is there in logic to conclude that thought, design and an act of creation were not also the basis of our own intelligence and realities? It seems analogous to the computers we create boldly stating in the blindness of their limitations that computers created man, or that man does not exist.

      A spiritual response: Man created God? Then who or what is the source of that voice within our own thoughts known by anyone of true faith, the voice that whispers things beyond our own understanding and wisdom, and beyond what can be attributed to chance or coincidence?

  11. john dallas says

    To the fellow that referenced Matthew 16:18. One must be cautious when making factual claims of parliament status after reading just one verse. It is very easy to come to a completely different and most often incorrect conclusion resulting in taking said verse out of context. I would recommend reading and studying GOD’s word in its entirety as our Father’s Truth was meant to be. Several times throughout the Old and New testament Our Lord is referenced as the Rock. Christ is the foundation (Strength) of the Church. The “church” meaning Our Lords People (Servants). Meaning GOD’s children. Christ was not talking about a building or institution. He was talking about GOD and his truth will be known to his children through a relationship with our Savior (Christ Jesus). when one establishes a relationship with Christ not by any works of his own but by repentaNce and through faith in the perfect and complete work of our Lord Christ on the cross. through that established relationship you are a new creation by Grace alone. Through receiving Grace Christ becomes your foundation aka your rock. Logically speaking it wouldn’t make any sense at all for a perfect Holy God to give such responsibility to a very very imperfect sin filled life of a man named Peter.Is that truly The Rock aka foundation that you’re Catholic Church is built on. Only Christ lived perfectly without sin which is why he is the example aka the Rock and his Children are his Church. I am praying that you and otherswho pick and choose singular Verses. To then translate them to support your beliefs. I pray that you will read scripture in its entirety and come to know Christ for his true doing so giving all praise and glory to our loving father and God.Thx for listening.

  12. Joel Tango says

    Hebrew number of letters divided by number of words in the old testament (genesis 1) account of creation = pi

    Greek number of letters divided by number of words in the new testament (1 john) account of creation = phi

    LETTERS = WORDS = STORIES (notice the relationship , separate yet part of the whole)

    John 1 Describes in letters and words the RELATIONSHIP between the Father and the Son.
    The underlying mathematical structure of the words and letters describe that relationship

    The only mathematical description of such a relationship is Phi

    Summary. The expression of Phi in creation finds its genesis in the Relationship between the Father and the Son

    ROMANS 1 v 20 .For the invisible things of Him (relationship), from the creation of the world (Genisis) are clearly seen,being understood by the things that are made (In this world),even (= mathematical symbol for this word,equal to ,the same as,balanced,)His eternal (Pi and Phi are irrational fractions,never ending) power and God Head.

  13. Br. Nigel Pinto says

    Hey guys my name’s Nigel Pinto. I am a roman catholic and a seminarian studying for the priesthood. I also happen to be currently doing my engineering studies after completing my philosophical studies.. I really enjoyed the above discussion and especially the varies replies and comments. Its amazing to know that each of us looks at the very same concept from different perspectives. this directly throws light on the UNIQUENESS of each of us. In my philosophy years i developed a great taste for cosmology and that remains to date may favourite discipline. our math teacher mentioned to us the golden ration as a suitable mini project in maths and so I happened to read about it.. i strongly believe that science and religion are not at war but are two disciplines that essentially point to the existence of an Infinite Being. some could call this God or some could just go with Infinite Being. My opinion is that all of us need to be OPEN to various interpretations or different understandings of the same concept instead of simply branding an understanding(that is unacceptable to us ) as false. it is only when we look at concepts and life at large from different perspectives that our life becomes more meaningful and concepts more comprehensive. let us refrain from being like the horse wearing blinders that looks at reality from only one perspective.. and let us continue to keep the flame of CURIOSITY and the LOVE of WISDOM burning. a great philosopher once said. “Whatever God took trouble to create is worth taking trouble to know.!!!” Let our thirst for Knowledge never die

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